criminology, realist

Sometimes also termed ‘Left Realism’, realist criminology emerged in the mid-1980s, in the work of Jock Young and others in Britain (see, for example, the special issue of Contemporary Crises, 1988). Its proponents emphasize social causes of crime , and interaction between agencies of social control (such as the police and courts), the offender, the victim, and the public. They consider the choices facing individuals in restricting circumstances, and draw strongly upon theories of relative deprivation and subcultures.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • criminology — Most literally, the study of crime , its perpetrators, and its causes; and, relatedly, an interest in its prevention, and in the deterrence, treatment, and punishment of offenders (see, Criminology, 2nd edn., 1992). Approaches and theoretical… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • criminology, critical — Also termed radical criminology, this perspective emerged in the early 1970s, as an explicitly politicized body of work. Drawing on varieties of Marxism (and in some cases anarchism ), it adopted a conflict perspective and placed emphasis upon… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • realist criminology — See criminology, realist …   Dictionary of sociology

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  • РЕАЛИСТИЧЕСКАЯ КРИМИНОЛОГИЯ — (REALIST CRIMINOLOGY) Направление в британской криминологии, появившееся в 1980 е гг., иногда его называют также «левым реализмом». Преступность в рамках этого направления объясняется с точки зрения социальной депривации и неравенства, поэтому… …   Социологический словарь

  • Left realism — Left Realist Criminology emerged out of Critical Criminology as a reaction against what was perceived to be the Left s failure to take a practical interest in everyday crime, leaving it to the Right Realists to monopolise the political agenda on… …   Wikipedia

  • Jock Young — is a sociologist and criminologist.He began teaching at Enfield College of Technology.He was a member of the National Deviancy Conference in the late 1960 s and 1970s [Hopkins Burke, R. (2001) An Introduction to Criminological Theory , Cullompton …   Wikipedia

  • Roger Matthews — is a British criminologist. He is currently Professor of Criminology at London South Bank University.Matthews is one of the key figures in left realism, a criminological critique of both the dominant administrative criminology and the left… …   Wikipedia

  • Ian Taylor (sociologist) — Ian Taylor (11 March 1944 ndash; 19 January 2001) was a British sociologist. He was born in Sheffield. National Deviancy Symposium and Critical Criminology Taylor was one of the founding members of the National Deviancy Symposium [Hopkins Burke,… …   Wikipedia

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